Gazi Mustafa Kemal opened the Sivas Congress

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Acti of the Congress Gazi Mustafa Kemal Sivas

September 4 is the 247th (248th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 118.

Railways

  • September 4, 1913 The construction privilege of the Samsun-Sivas line under construction is granted to the French company Régie Générale. The agreement was ratified in 1914. When the company did not start construction due to the war, the Ottoman state ignored the privilege.
  • September 4, 1942 A delegation from the Turkish Railways visits German Transport Minister Dorpmüller.

Olaylar

  • 476 – The Western Roman Empire comes to an end when Romulus Augustus, the last ruler of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed by Odoacre, the Germanic leader who declared himself King of Italy.
  • 1521 – Siege of İlyaki: Following the siege led by Kara Mahmut Reis, the island of İlyaki is conquered.
  • 1781 – Los Angeles was founded by people settled in the area by the Spaniards.
  • 1870 – In France, III. The Republic is proclaimed.
  • 1885 – Self-service is first introduced in New York.
  • 1886 – After nearly 30 years of war, Apache Chief Geronimo visits Arizona.
  • 1888 – George Eastman markets the name Kodak and patents his camera using roll film.
  • 1919 – Gazi Mustafa Kemal opens the Congress of Sivas.
  • 1922 – Turkish War of Independence: the Turkish army recaptured Sarıgöl, Buldan and Bigadiç under Greek occupation.
  • 1932 – World Peace Conference convened in Vienna.
  • 1935 – Istanbul telephone company began to operate on behalf of the government.
  • 1936 – British Sovereign VIII. Edward visited Atatürk in Istanbul.
  • 1939 – All foodstuffs are banned from export.
  • 1941 – II. WWII: For the first time, an American ship is attacked by a German submarine. USS ship name Rig’of.
  • 1944 – II. Second World War: the Allies seize Brussels and Antwerp.
  • 1950 – The Beetle Bailey cartoon series, known as Hasbi Tembeler in Turkey, is first released in comic book form.
  • 1956 – The “IBM RAMAC 305” is introduced, the first commercial computer to use a magnetic disk as a storage device.
  • 1957 – African-American Civil Rights Movement: -Little Rock Crisis- The Governor of Arkansas summons the National Guard to prevent black students from enrolling at Central High.
  • 1963 – Swiss Airlines airliner crashes near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland; 80 people died.
  • 1964 – Indonesian government bans Beatles-style haircuts.
  • 1970 – Erdal İnönü becomes rector of the Middle East Technical University.
  • 1970 – In Chile, the socialist leader Salvador Allende is elected president.
  • 1971 – An Alaska Airlines Boeing 727 crashes near Juneau, Alaska, killing 111 people.
  • 1972 – 1972 Summer Olympics: Mark Spitz wins his 7th swimming gold medal, breaking the record for the first athlete to win 7 medals in a single Olympic Games.
  • 1975 – Bulent Ecevit’s election bus is stoned in Elazig; 50 wounded, 57 detained.
  • 1981 – The National Security Council approves a reduction in detention from 90 days to 45 days.
  • 1988 – Floods in Bangladesh: 300 dead, 20 million homeless.
  • 1989 – Turkey’s first sports newspaper photosporesbegan its editorial life.
  • 1991 – The People’s Labor Party (HEP) agrees with the Populist Social Democratic Party (SHP) and decides to cooperate in the elections.
  • 1993 – Democracy Party (DEP) deputy Mehmet Sincar is killed in Batman.
  • 1996 – Oral Çelik, one of the suspects in the murder of Abdi İpekçi, is extradited to Turkey from Switzerland. Çelik was arrested on September 16 by the court, after which he was expelled after 17 years.
  • 1996 – Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) militants attack a military camp in Colombia’s Guaviare region, killing at least 130 people in three weeks of clashes.
  • 1997 – 7 people died and 192 people were injured in three large explosions in the center of the Jerusalem bazaar. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
  • 1998 – Two doctoral students at Google, Stanford; It was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin.
  • 2008 – The Rights and Equality Party is founded under the leadership of retired Major General Osman Pamukoğlu.

births

  • 973 – Biruni, Persian astronomer (died 1051)
  • 1383 – VIII. Amadeus, Duke of Savoy – known as Felice V (1439-1449) (d. 1451) as the last anti-pope
  • 1563 – Wanli, 13th Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (died 1620)
  • 1768 – François-Auguste-René Chateaubriand, French writer and diplomat (died 1848)
  • 1809 Juliusz Słowacki, Polish poet (died 1849)
  • 1824 – Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (died 1896)
  • 1850 – Luigi Cadorna, Italian general and marshal (died 1928)
  • 1869 – Karl Seitz, Austrian politician and statesman (d.1950)
  • 1888 – Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer of the Bauhaus school (died 1943)
  • 1891 – Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin, German soldier (died 1963)
  • 1891 – Fritz Todt, German engineer, general and founder of the Todt Organization (died 1942)
  • 1896 – Antonin Artaud, French playwright, poet and theater actor (died 1948)
  • 1901 – Ahmet Kutsi Tecer, Turkish poet and playwright (died 1967)
  • 1906 – Max Delbrück, German biologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in medicine or physiology (died 1981)
  • 1908 – Edward Dmytryk, American director (died 1999)
  • 1908 – Richard Wright, African-American writer of short stories, novels and essays, poet (died 1960)
  • 1913 Kenzo Tange, Japanese architect (died 2005)
  • 1913 – Stanford Moore, American biochemist and Nobel laureate (died 1982)
  • 1913 Kenzō Tange, Japanese architect (died 2005)
  • 1917 – Henry Ford II, businessman, son of Edsel Ford and grandson of Henry Ford (died 1987)
  • 1925 – Forrest Carter, American author (died 1979)
  • 1927 – John McCarthy, American computer scientist (died 2011)
  • 1928 – Dick York, American actor (died 1992)
  • 1934 – Clive Granger, Welsh economist (died 2009)
  • 1934 – Jan Švankmajer, Czech surrealist artist, animator, director, director
  • 1942 – Raymond Floyd, American golfer
  • 1944 – Tony Atkinson, British scholar and economist (died 2017)
  • [1945–KandemirKondukdramaturgeetscénaristeturc[1945–KandemirKondukdramaturgeetscénaristeturc
  • 1946 – Gary Duncan, American rock singer and guitarist (died 2019)
  • 1949 – Tom Watson, American golfer
  • 1950 – Aleksandar Berček, Serbian actor
  • 1951 – Judith Ivey, American actress and director
  • 1953 – Fatih Terim, Turkish sportsman
  • 1956 – Blackie Lawless, American musician
  • 1960 – Damon Wayans is an American comedian, actor, screenwriter and producer.
  • 1962 – Shinya Yamanaka, Japanese doctor and researcher
  • 1969 – Giorgi Margvelashvili, Georgian scholar and politician
  • 1969 – Sasha, Welsh-born DJ and producer
  • 1974 – Oğuz Aksaç, Turkish folk music artist
  • 1975 – Mark Ronson, English DJ, guitarist, singer and music producer
  • 1977 – Lucie Silvas, singer-songwriter, composer, pianist
  • 1979 – Yasemin d’Ankara, Turkish singer
  • 1980 – Max Greenfield, American actor
  • 1981 – Beyoncé, American singer and actress
  • 1981 – Lacey Mosley, American singer
  • 1982 – Whitney Cummings, American comedian, actress, filmmaker and podcaster
  • 1984 – Camila Bordonaba, Argentine actress and model
  • 1985 – Raúl Albiol, Spanish defender
  • 1986 – Jaclyn Hales, American actress
  • 1990 – Olha Harlan, Ukrainian fencer
  • 1990 – Stefanía Fernández, Venezuelan model
  • 1992 – Hanna Schwamborn, German actress
  • 1993 – Yannick Carrasco, Belgian national footballer
  • 1996 – Mizuki Hayashi, Japanese football player

Armed

  • 626 – Gaozu, founder and first emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China (born in 566)
  • 1063 – Tugrul Bey, founder of the Great Seljuk State (born in 990)
  • 1323 – Kegen Khan is the 5th Yuan Dynasty and Emperor of China. (born in 1302)
  • 1342 – Anna, empress of the Empire of Trebizond from July 17, 1341 to September 4, 1342
  • 1522 – Kara Mahmut Reis, Turkish sailor (born?)
  • 1821 – José Miguel Carrera, South American national hero and Chilean politician (born 1785)
  • 1836 – Aaron Burr, 3rd Vice President of the United States (born 1756)
  • 1907 – Edvard Grieg, Norwegian composer (born 1843)
  • 1944 – Erich Fellgiebel, German general (involved in the July 20 assassination attempt against Hitler) (executed) (born 1886)
  • 1951 – Louis Adamic, American journalist and author (born 1899)
  • 1963 – Robert Schuman, French politician (born 1886)
  • 1965 – Albert Schweitzer, French physician, theologian, philosopher, musician and Nobel Peace Prize laureate b. 1875)
  • 1965 – Mahmut Moralı, Turkish theater and film actor (City Theater artist) (born 1902)
  • 1967 – Ali Mümtaz Arolat, Turkish poet (born 1897)
  • 1985 – Gabriel Allaf, spiritual leader of the ancient Syriac community
  • 1985 – George O’Brien, American actor (born 1899)
  • 1989 – Georges Simenon, Belgian writer (born in 1903)
  • 1990 – Irene Dunne, American actress (born 1898)
  • 1990 – Turan Dursun, Turkish writer and thinker (born 1934)
  • 1991 – Henri de Lubac, Catholic theologian (born 1896)
  • 1993 – Mehmet Sincar, Turkish politician (born 1953)
  • 1993 – Hervé Villechaize, French actor (born in 1943)
  • 1997 – Aldo Rossi, Italian architect and designer (born 1931)
  • 2003 – Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist (born in 1921)
  • 2006 – Giacinto Facchetti, Italian football player (born 1942)
  • 2006 – Steve Irwin, Austrian documentary maker (born 1962)
  • 2011 – Mino Martinazzoli, Italian politician (born in 1931)
  • 2011 – Hakkı Ögelman, Turkish astronomer and teacher (born 1940)
  • 2013 – Ferdinand Biwersi, former German football referee (born 1934)
  • 2014 – Gustavo Cerati is a singer, songwriter, songwriter and rock producer (born 1959)
  • 2014 – Joan Rivers, American actress, comedian, screenwriter, producer and presenter (born 1933)
  • 2015 – Sylvie Joly, French actress and comedian (born in 1934)
  • 2018 – Marijan Beneš is a Yugoslav-Bosnian boxer (born 1951)
  • 2018 – István Bethlen, Hungarian economist and politician (born 1946)
  • 2018 – Bill Daily, American actor (born 1927)
  • 2018 – Christopher Lawford, American writer, actor, producer and political activist (born 1955)
  • 2019 – Abbas Abdulla, Azerbaijani poet (born 1940)
  • 2019 – Edgardo Andrada, former Argentine footballer (born 1939)
  • 2019 – Roger Etchegaray, French cardinal (born in 1922)
  • 2019 – Kylie Rae Harris, American country singer, musician and songwriter (born 1989)
  • 2019 – Tevfik Kış, Turkish wrestler and trainer (born 1934)
  • 2019 – Dan Warner, American musician, record producer and songwriter (born 1970)
  • 2020 – Lloyd Cadena, Filipino vlogger, radio personality and author (born 1993)
  • 2020 – Annie Cordy, Belgian actress and singer (born in 1928)
  • 2020 – Dmitry Svetushkin, Moldovan chess player (born 1980)
  • 2020 – Joe Williams, politician and physician who served as Prime Minister of the Cook Islands for four months in 1999 (born 1934)


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