Istanbul Maiden’s Tower transferred to the Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of Turkey

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The Maiden’s Tower in Istanbul

September 28 is the 271st (272nd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 94.

Railways

  • September 28, 1920 The decision of the government concerning the invitation to tender and the concession of the construction of the railway to the director of the mine of Balya Yorgî Ralli starting from the bay of Edremit and extending to Bonito by Akçay-Havran was approved by the Sultan.

Olaylar

  • 1538 – The Battle of Preveza between the Ottoman Navy and the Crusader Navy resulted in the Ottoman victory.
  • 1730 – The Patrona Halil rebellion, which ended the Tulip Age, begins.
  • 1864 – The International Workingmen’s Association (First International) is founded in London.
  • 1889 – The kilogram and the meter, base units of the metric system, are defined during the I. General Conference of Weights and Measures, held in France.
  • 1920 – The Turkish army under the command of Kazım Karabekir launched the Eastern Operation and began the offensive.
  • 1928 – Alexandre Fleming, Penicillium notatum He discovered that a named mold had antibiotic properties and found penicillin.
  • 1937 – Claiming to amend the Constitution sunbathe newspaper was closed for 10 days by the Council of Ministers.
  • 1937 – Mussolini and Hitler demonstrated strength while speaking together at a demonstration attended by over a million people at the Olympic Stadium in Berlin.
  • 1939 – Nazi Germany and the USSR sign a protocol stating that they share their occupied Poland.
  • 1955 – Türk Migros starts operations in Istanbul.
  • 1961 – The United Arab Republic, which was formed by the unification of Egypt and Syria under the leadership of Jamal Abdünnasır, ended after the military coup in Syria.
  • 1965 – The Istanbul Maiden’s Tower was transferred to the Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of Turkey.
  • 1978 – The Socialist International accepts the request for membership of the CHP.
  • 1978 – The Soviet Union first announced that it was conducting nuclear tests in the Arctic.
  • 1982 – Abidin Cevher Özden, better known as “banker Kastelli”, is arrested in Tunisia after being brought to Turkey.
  • 1986 – By-elections were held for 11 vacant seats.
  • 1992 – The European Union is founded.
  • 1994 – The biggest accident in modern naval history occurs. The M / S Estonia ferry sank in the Baltic Sea; 852 people died.
  • 1995 – The head of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin agree on the transfer of the West Bank to the Palestinian Authority.
  • 2003 – Turkey’s national women’s volleyball team became the second in Europe for the first time in its history.

births

  • 551 BC BC – Confucius, Chinese philosopher (died in 479 BC)
  • 616 – Javanshir, ruler of Caucasian Albania, who was the second son of Varaz Grigor and ruled between 638-681 (d. 681)
  • 1681 – Johann Mattheson, German composer (died 1764)
  • 1803 – Prosper Mérimée, French novelist (died 1870)
  • 1819 – Aimé Millet, French sculptor (died 1891)
  • 1823 – Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (died 1889)
  • 1841 – Georges Clemenceau, journalist, doctor, politician and French Prime Minister (died in 1929)
  • 1852 – Henri Moissan, French chemist and Nobel Prize winner (died 1907)
  • 1867 – Hiranuma Kiichirō, Japanese politician on the national right (died 1952)
  • 1887 – Avery Brundage, American athlete (died 1975)
  • 1898 – Carl Clauberg, physician in Nazi Germany (who used people as guinea pigs in concentration camps) (died 1957)
  • 1905 – Max Schmeling, German boxer and world heavyweight champion (died 2005)
  • 1919 – Ä°smail Erez, Turkish diplomat and Turkish ambassador in Paris (died 1975)
  • 1924 – Giuseppe Chiappella, Italian football player (died 2009)
  • 1924 – Lale OraloÄŸlu, Turkish theater actress (died 2007)
  • 1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (died 1996)
  • 1930 – Immanuel Wallerstein, American sociologist (d. 2019)
  • 1932 – Víctor Jara, Chilean artist (died 1973)
  • 1933 – Miguel Berrocal, Spanish painter and sculptor (died 2006)
  • 1934 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress
  • 1947 – Sheikh Hasina Wacid, Bangladeshi politician
  • 1950 – Levent Kırca, Turkish actor (died 2015)
  • 1950 – Christina Hoff Sommers, American researcher-author
  • 1952 – Seyyal Taner, Turkish singer and actress
  • 1952 – Sylvie Kristel, Dutch actress and model (died 2012)
  • 1954 – George Lynch, American musician
  • 1954 – Margot Wallström, Swedish politician, minister
  • 1955 – Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician and minister
  • 1957 – AyÅŸegül Aldinç, Turkish singer and actress
  • 1960 – Jennifer Rush is an American singer.
  • 1963 – Érik Comas, former French Formula 1 driver, Formula 3000, Formula Rippon, Super GT racer
  • 1964 – Claudio Borghi, Argentinian national football player and coach
  • 1964 – Paul Jewell, English football player, coach and manager
  • 1966 – Maria Canals Barrera, an American and Cuban actress
  • 1967 – Mira Sorvino, American actress
  • 1968 – Mika Häkkinen, Finnish racing driver
  • 1968 – Naomi Watts, English actress
  • 1969 Piper Kerman, American memory
  • 1970 – Kimiko Date is a Japanese professional tennis player.
  • 1970 – Miraç Eronat, Turkish actor in theater, cinema, television series and dubbing
  • 1971 – Cenk Durmazel, Turkish actor and soloist of Malt and Badluck
  • 1971 – Alan Wright, former English footballer
  • 1972 – Dita Von Teese, American model
  • 1976 – Fedor Emelianenko, Russian fighter
  • 1977 – Young Jeezy, American rapper and songwriter
  • 1979 – Bam Margera, American actor and skateboarder
  • 1981 – Willy Caballero, Argentine footballer
  • 1981 – José Calderón, Spanish professional basketball player
  • 1981 – Gül Shadow, Turkish TV presenter, model and actress
  • 1981 – Jorge Guague, Ecuadorian national football player
  • 1982 – Alexander Anyukov, Russian football player
  • 1982 – Emeka Okafor is an American basketball player.
  • 1982 – Anderson Varejao is a Brazilian professional basketball player.
  • 1984 – Melody Thornton, American singer, songwriter and dancer
  • 1984 – Mathieu Valbuena, French footballer
  • 1986 – Andres Guardado, Mexican football player
  • 1986 – Engin Öztürk, Turkish actor
  • 1986 – Javi Poves, Spanish football player
  • 1987 – Hilary Duff, American singer and actress
  • 1988 – Marin ÄŒilić, Croatian professional tennis player
  • 1988 – Esmée Denters is a Dutch singer and songwriter.
  • 1989 – ÇaÄŸla Büyükakçay, Turkish national tennis player
  • 1989 – Marcus Gross, German canoeist
  • 1992 – Gizem BaÅŸaran, Turkish basketball player
  • 1993 – Stelios Kiçiu, Greek national football player
  • 1994 – Onurcan Piri, Turkish football player

Armed

  • 1197 – VI. Henry, King of Germany (born 1165)
  • 1555 – Kara Ahmed Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier (Kanuni period) (born?)
  • 1574 – II. Guidobaldo della Rovere, Italian nobleman (born 1514)
  • 1859 – Carl Ritter, German historian, philosopher and geographer (born 1779)
  • 1888 – François Achille Bazaine, French marshal (born in 1811)
  • 1891 – Herman Melville, American poet and author (born 1819)
  • 1895 – Louis Pasteur, French researcher in chemistry and biology (born in 1822)
  • 1914 – Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac, composer, music teacher, conductor, collector and Serbian writer (born 1856)
  • 1918 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (born 1858)
  • 1935 – William Kennedy Dickson, Scottish inventor who, in the employ of Thomas Edison, invented the first cinematographic camera (died 1860)
  • 1953 – Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (born 1889)
  • 1956 – William Boeing, American businessman, founder of Boeing (born 1881)
  • 1964 – Harpo Marx (second of the Marx Brothers), American actor and comedian (born 1888)
  • 1964 – Henri Grégoire, Belgian historian (born in 1881)
  • 1966 – André Breton, French writer and poet (born 1896)
  • 1970 – Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egyptian soldier, statesman and socialist leader (2nd President of Egypt) (born 1918)
  • 1970 – John Dos Passos, American author (born 1896)
  • 1978 – John Paul I, 263rd Pope of the Catholic Church (one of the 33 shortest 10-day popes) (born 1912)
  • 1979 – Cevat Yurdakul, Turkish police and chief of police of Adana (assassinated) (born 1942)
  • 1981 – Rómulo Betancourt, Venezuelan politician (born 1908)
  • 1984 – Cihat Baban, Turkish politician, journalist and writer (born 1911)
  • 1987 – Sevim Deran, Turkish singer (born in 1935)
  • 1989 – Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (born 1917)
  • 1990 – Larry O’Brien, NBA boss from 1975 to 1984 (born 1917)
  • 1991 – Miles Davis, American musician (born 1926)
  • 1993 – Tevfik Akdag, Turkish poet (born 1932)
  • 1994 – Harry Saltzman, American filmmaker (born 1915)
  • 2000 – Pierre Trudeau, Canadian lawyer, journalist and 15th Prime Minister of Canada (born 1919)
  • 2003 – Elia Kazan, Greek-American director and screenwriter (born 1909)
  • 2010 – Ali Ecder Akışık, Turkish theater, film and dubbing actor (born 1938)
  • 2010 – Arthur Penn, American director (born in 1922)
  • 2013 – Turgut Özakman, Turkish bureaucrat, writer and lawyer (born 1930)
  • 2014 – Talip Apaydın, Turkish writer (graduate of the Village Institute) (born 1926)
  • 2015 – Catherine Coulson, American actress (born 1943)
  • 2015 – Ignacio Zoco, former Spanish footballer (born 1939)
  • 2016 – Ann Emery, English actress (born 1930)
  • 2016 – Larkin Malloy, American television actor, announcer, voice actor and drama teacher (born 1954)
  • 2016 – Agnes Nixon, American actress, screenwriter, screenwriter and producer (born 1922)
  • 2016 – Shimon Peres, Israeli politician and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (born 1923)
  • 2017 – Marietta Marich, American actress, singer, writer, director and TV host (born 1930)
  • 2017 – Daniel Pe’er, Israeli presenter and presenter (born 1943)
  • 2017 – Jürgen Roth, German investigative journalist and author (born 1945)
  • 2017 – Andreas Schmidt, German actor and director (born 1963)
  • 2017 – Benjamin Withrow, English comedian, actor and voice actor (born 1937)
  • 2018 – Tamaz Chiladze, Georgian writer, poet and playwright (born 1931)
  • 2018 – Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini, Esvatin politician (born in 1942)
  • 2018 – Joe Masteroff, American playwright (born 1919)
  • 2019 – José Aldunate, Chilean Jesuit priest, educator and human rights activist (born 1917)
  • 2019 – Alexander Davion, French-English actor (born in 1929)
  • 2019 – José José, Mexican singer, musician and actor (born 1948)
  • 2020 – Rubén Anguiano, former Mexican football player (born 1955)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Storm: Chestnut Black Storm


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