The first military air raid in history took place

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The first military air raid in history took place

August 22 is the 234th (235th day in leap years) of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 131.

Railways

  • August 22, 1951 Inauguration of the Adapazarı railway plant.

Olaylar

  • 1642English Civil War begin.
  • 1654 – Jacob Barsimson arrives in New-Amsterdam, which will become New York in the future. He was the first Jew to settle in what we would call the “USA”.
  • 1703 – III. Ahmed, II. He ascended the throne in place of Mustafa and became the new sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1780 – The British ship James Cook returns to Great Britain.
  • 1791 – First slave uprising in Haiti.
  • 1812 – Discovery of the archaeological site of Petra in Jordan.
  • 1848 – The United States annex (conquer) New Mexico.
  • 1849 – The first military air raid in history takes place. Austria sent unmanned hot air balloons to Venice, Italy.
  • 1864 – 12 States sign the first Geneva Convention: Creation of the Red Cross.
  • 1901 – The Cadillac Motor Company is founded.
  • 1910 – Japan annexes Korea.
  • 1941 – The German army reaches Leningrad and the siege begins.
  • 1942 – Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy.
  • 1952 – by Henri Charrière Kelebek to his novel and to the movie The prisons in French Guiana, which were the subject of the article, have been completely closed.
  • 1961 – The Credit and Accommodation Institution for Higher Education was established.
  • 1962 – An assassination attempt against French President Charles de Gaulle fails.
  • 1962 – NS, the first nuclear powered cargo ship and liner Savannah made her maiden voyage.
  • 1965 – Sadun Boro begins his world tour with his sailboat.
  • 1989 – Discovery of the first ring of the planet Neptune.

births

  • 1624 – Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer (died 1701)
  • 1647 – Denis Papin, French physicist and explorer (died 1713)
  • 1760 – XII. Leon, 252nd Pope of the Catholic Church (died 1829)
  • 1764 – Josef Abel, Austrian painter (died October 4, 1818)
  • 1811 – Charles de Lalaisse, French lithographer, designer and painter (died 1892)
  • 1844 – George W. DeLong, American naval officer and explorer (died 1881)
  • 1862 – Claude Debussy, French composer (died 1918)
  • 1873 – Alexander Bogdanov, Russian scientist, philosopher and science fiction writer (d. 1928)
  • 1874 – Max Ferdinand Scheler, German philosopher (died 1928)
  • 1882 – Raymonde de Laroche, French pilot and woman who received the world’s first airplane pilot’s license (d. 1919)
  • 1887 – Ludwig Schwerin von Krosigk, last Chancellor of Nazi Germany (died 1977)
  • 1891 – Jacques Lipchitz, cubist sculptor who became a French citizen and then an American (died in 1973)
  • 1902 – Leni Riefenstahl, German actress, director and producer (died 2003)
  • 1904 – Deng Xiaoping, Chinese politician and President of China (died 1997)
  • 1908 – Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1909 – Julius J. Epstein, American screenwriter (died 2000)
  • 1913 – Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian nuclear physicist (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and last Prime Minister of the Polish government in exile (died 2005)
  • 1917 – John Lee Hooker, American singer, guitarist and blues songwriter (died 2001)
  • 1920 – Ray Bradbury, American author (died 2012)
  • 1925 – Honor Blackman, English actor (died 2020)
  • 1926 – Ümit Yaşar Oğuzcan, Turkish poet (died 1984)
  • 1928 – Karlheinz Stockhausen, German composer of classical music and opera (died 2007)
  • 1930 – Gilmar, Brazilian football player (died 2013)
  • 1934 – Norman Schwarzkopf, retired American commander (d. 2012)
  • 1935 – E. Annie Proulx, American novelist, short story writer and journalist
  • 1939 – Valerie Harper, American television and television actress, comedian, dancer and author (d. 2019)
  • 1942 – Uğur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (died 1993)
  • 1944 – Ayşen Gruda, Turkish theater and film actress (died in 2019)
  • 1954 – Veysel Çolak, Turkish poet and novelist
  • 1957 – Steve Davis is a retired English professional snooker player.
  • 1958 – Necdet Adalı, Turkish revolutionary (the first revolutionary executed after the coup of September 12) (died 1980)
  • 1958 – Colm Feore is an American-Canadian theater, film and television actor.
  • 1959 – Mark Williams, English actor and comedian
  • 1963 Tori Amos, American singer
  • 1966 – GZA, American rapper, member of the Wu-Tang Clan
  • 1966 – Rob Witschge, Dutch football player and coach
  • 1967 – Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje, English actress
  • 1967 – Ty Burrell, American actor
  • 1967 – Layne Staley, American musician (died 2002)
  • 1968 – Aleksandr Mostovoi, USSR national football player of Russian origin
  • 1970 – Tímea Nagy, Hungarian swordsman and sports director
  • 1970 – Gianluca Ramazzotti, Italian actor
  • 1973 – Kristen Wiig, American actress
  • 1973 – Eurelijus Žukauskas, former professional basketball player
  • 1975 – Clint Bolton, Australian national football player
  • 1975 – Rodrigo Santoro, Brazilian actor
  • 1976 – Aslıhan Yeltekin, Turkish journalist and presenter
  • 1977 – Heiðar Helguson, Icelandic national football player
  • 1978 – James Corden, English actor, comedian, singer, writer, producer and television presenter
  • 1978 – Jeff Stinco, Canadian musician (Simple shot)
  • 1983 – Theo Bos, Dutch professional road and track cyclist
  • 1984 – Lee Camp, English football player
  • 1984 – Lawrence Quaye is a Ghanaian-Qatari footballer.
  • 1984 – Ekin Turkmen, Turkish actress and model
  • 1986 – Stephen Ireland, Irish football player
  • 1986 – Tokushōryū Makoto, Japanese professional sumo wrestler
  • 1986 – Adrian Neville, English professional wrestler
  • 1987 – Apollo Crews, American professional wrestler
  • 1989 – Giacomo Bonaventura, Italian national football player
  • 1991 – Uğur Kaynak, Turkish football player
  • 1991 – Federico Macheda, Italian footballer
  • 1994 – Astou Ndour, Spanish professional basketball player
  • 1995 – Dua Lipa, English singer, songwriter and model

Armed

  • 408 – Stilicho, high ranking general in the late Roman army (b. 359)
  • 1155 – Konoe, 76th Emperor of Japan in traditional succession (born 1139)
  • 1241 – IX. Gregory was pope from March 19, 1227 to August 22, 1241 (born in 1170)
  • 1280 – III. Nicholas, 188th Pope of the Catholic Church (born 1225)
  • 1350 – VI. Philippe was the first king of France of the house of Valois (born in 1293)
  • 1358 – Isabella, King of England II. Edouard’s wife (born in 1295)
  • 1456 – II. Vladislav was a voivode of the principality of Wallachia from 1447 to 1448 and again from 1448 to 1456.
  • 1485 – III. Richard, King of England (born 1452)
  • 1545 – Charles Brandon, son of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn (born 1484)
  • 1553 – John Dudley, English politician and soldier (born 1504)
  • 1652 – Jacob De la Gardie, statesman and commander of the Swedish Empire (born 1583)
  • 1791 – Johann David Michaelis, German theologian (born 1717)
  • 1817 – Nakşidil Sultan, Ottoman Sultan II. Mahmut’s mother, Valide Sultan and wife of Abdulhamit I (born 1768)
  • 1860 – Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps, French painter (born in 1803)
  • 1861 – Xianfeng, ninth emperor of the Qing dynasty of China (born 1831)
  • 1891 – Jan Neruda, Czech writer (born 1834)
  • 1903 – Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (born 1830)
  • 1904 – Kate Chopin, American short story writer (born 1851)
  • 1920 – Anders Zorn, Swedish painter, printmaker, sculptor and photographer (born 1860)
  • 1922 – Michael Collins, hero of the Irish independence struggle (born 1890)
  • 1929 – Otto Liman von Sanders, Prussian soldier (born 1855)
  • 1942 – Michel Fokine, Russian choreographer and ballet dancer (born 1880)
  • 1946 – Döme Sztójay, Prime Minister of Hungary (born 1883)
  • 1958 – Roger Martin du Gard, French writer and Nobel Prize winner (born 1881)
  • 1966 – Erwin Komenda, German-Austrian automobile designer (born 1904)
  • 1972 – Orhan Seyfi Orhon, Turkish poet (member of the Beş Syllables group) (born 1890)
  • 1974 – Jacob Bɾonowski, English mathematician, biologist, scientist, theater writer, poet and inventor (born 1908)
  • 1976 – Juscelino Kubitschek, Brazilian politician (born 1902)
  • 1978 – Ignazio Silone, Italian writer (born 1900)
  • 1978 – Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan politician and first Prime Minister of Kenya (born 1889)
  • 1985 – Turgut Uyar, Turkish poet (born in 1927)
  • 1986 – Celâl Bayar, Turkish politician, statesman and president (born 1883)
  • 1989 – Huey P. Newton, African-American political activist (born 1942)
  • 1991 – Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian-American actress (born 1924)
  • 1991 – Boris Pugo, Soviet politician and communist born in Latvia (born in 1937)
  • 2000 – Ebulfez Elçibey, Azerbaijani politician (born 1938)
  • 2004 – Daniel Petrie, Canadian director (born 1920)
  • 2010 – Stjepan Bobek, Yugoslav football player, coach (born 1923)
  • 2010 – Michel Montignac, French diet developer and author (born 1944)
  • 2013 – Jetty Paerl, German-Dutch singer (born 1921)
  • 2014 – John S. Waugh, American chemist and institute professor (born 1929)
  • 2015 – Mariem Hassan, Sahrawi singer (born in 1958)
  • 2015 – Ieng Thirith, Cambodian politician, senior member of the Khmer Rouge (born 1921)
  • 2016 – Farid Ali, Bangladeshi actor (born 1945)
  • 2016 – Michael Brooks, former American NBA basketball player (born 1958)
  • 2016 – Sellapan Ramanathan, sixth President of the Republic of Singapore (born 1924)
  • 2017 – John Abercrombie, American jazz musician and guitarist (born 1944)
  • 2017 – Alain Berbérian, French director and screenwriter (born in 1953)
  • 2017 – Feyyaz Berker, Turkish businessman and founder of Tekfen Holding (born 1925)
  • 2017 – Tony deBrum, politician and activist from the Marshall Islands who served as Secretary of State (born 1945)
  • 2017 – Şükrü Kızılot, Turkish scholar and journalist (born 1958)
  • 2017 – Tom Pritchard, New Zealand cricketer (born 1917)
  • 2017 – Bülent Uluer, Turkish political activist, politician and former president of the Revolutionary Youth (Dev-Genç) (born 1952)
  • 2018 – Tullio Ilomets, Estonian chemist, historian, scientist and historian (born 1921)
  • 2018 – Gurudas Kamat, Indian lawyer, economist and politician (born 1954)
  • 2018 – Ed King, American rock musician and songwriter (born 1949)
  • 2018 – Lazy Lester is an American blues musician (born 1933)
  • 2018 – Jesús Torbado, Spanish writer (born in 1943)
  • 2019 – Junior Agogo, former Ghanaian football player (born 1979)
  • 2019 – Tim Fischer, Australian politician and diplomat (born 1946)
  • 2020 – John Bangsund, Australian science fiction fan (born 1939)
  • 2020 – Mrinal Haque, Bangladeshi sculptor (born 1958)
  • 2020 – Emil Jula, Romanian football player (born 1980)
  • 2020 – Karim Kamalov, Uzbek politician (born 1954)
  • 2020 – Ulla Pia, Danish singer (born 1945)


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