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The highlight of today’s history:

On October 6, 2014, the Supreme Court unexpectedly paved the way for a dramatic expansion of same-sex marriage in the United States by rejecting appeals from five states seeking to preserve their bans, thereby making such marriages legal in 30 states.

To this date :

In 1683, thirteen families from Krefeld, Germany arrived in Philadelphia to found Germantown, one of the oldest colonies in America.

In 1889, the Moulin Rouge in Paris opened its doors to the public.

In 1927, the talkie era arrived with the opening of “The Jazz Singer” with Al Jolson, a feature film containing both silent and synchronized footage.

In 1928, Chiang Kai-shek became president of China.

In 1939, in a speech in the Reichstag, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler spoke of his plans to reorganize the ethnic makeup of Europe – a plan that would involve settling the “Jewish problem”.

In 1969, the New York Mets won the first-ever National League Championship series, beating the Atlanta Braves, 7-4, in Game 3; the Baltimore Orioles won the first-ever American League Championship series, beating the Minnesota Twins 11-2 in Game 3.

In 1973, war broke out in the Middle East when Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel during the Yom Kippur holiday. (Israel, initially caught off guard, managed to push back Arab forces before a ceasefire finally took hold in the nearly three-week conflict.)

In 1976, President Gerald R. Ford, during his second presidential debate with Democrat Jimmy Carter, asserted that there was “no Soviet domination over Eastern Europe”. (Ford later admitted this was not the case.)

In 1979, Pope John Paul II, on a week-long tour of the United States, became the first pontiff to visit the White House, where he was received by President Jimmy Carter.

In 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was shot dead by extremists while passing a military parade.

In 2010, the Instagram social networking app was launched by Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger.

In 2018, in the closest Senate confirmation from a Supreme Court justice in nearly a century and a half, Brett Kavanaugh was upheld by a 50-48 vote; he was sworn in a few hours later.

Ten years ago: In a poor quality audio recording, a voice identified as that of Muammar Gaddafi called on Libyans to take to the streets and wage a campaign of civil disobedience against the country’s new ruler.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama offered 102 federal inmates the opportunity to get out of prison earlier, bringing the number of sentences Obama cut to 774. A jury in Norfolk, Virginia has acquitted a white police officer charged with the shooting murder of a mentally ill black man holding a knife.

A year ago: President Donald Trump, recovering from COVID-19, tweeted his eagerness to resume the election campaign and said he still plans to attend an upcoming debate with Democrat Joe Biden in Miami; Biden said there should be no debate as long as Trump remains positive for COVID. (The debate would be called off.) Four weeks before polling day, senior national security officials provided assurances about the integrity of the election in a video message, putting them at odds with Trump’s efforts to discredit the vote . The Food and Drug Administration has released updated safety standards for manufacturers of COVID-19 vaccines despite White House efforts to block them; the White House said the requirements could delay vaccine availability. A grand jury indicted the St. Louis couple who showed guns as hundreds of racial injustice protesters marched on their private street. (Mark and Patricia McCloskey would plead guilty; they were pardoned by Republican Governor of Missouri. Mike Parson.) Eddie Van Halen, the guitar virtuoso whose speed, control and innovation propelled his band Van Halen in one of the biggest hard rock groups, died of cancer at 65.

Today’s Birthdays: Broadcaster and writer Melvyn Bragg turns 82. Actor Britt Ekland is 79 years old. Former Sinn Fein (shin fayn) frontman Gerry Adams is 73. Singer-musician Thomas McClary is 72 years old. Musician Sid McGinnis is 72 years old. Rock singer Kevin Cronin (REO Speedwagon) is 70 years old. Rock singer-musician David Hidalgo (Los Lobos) is 67 years old. Professional Football Hall of Fame member Tony Dungy is 66 years old. Actress Elisabeth Shue is 58 years old. Singer Matthew Sweet is 57 years old. Actress Jacqueline Obradors is 55 years old. Country singer Tim Rushlow is 55 years old. Rock musician Tommy Stinson is 55 years old. Actor Amy Jo Johnson is 51 years old. Actor Emily Mortimer is 50 years old. Actor Lamman (the-MAHN ‘) Rucker is 50 years old. Actor Ioan Gruffudd (YOH’-ihn GRIH’- fihth) is 48 years old. Actor Jeremy Sisto is 47 years old. Actor Brett Gelman is 45 years old. R&B singer Melinda Doolittle is 44 years old. Actor Wes Ramsey is 44 years old. Actor Karimah Westbook is 43 years old. Singer-musician Will Butler is 39 years old. Actor Stefanie Martini is 31 years old. US Olympic swimming gold medalist Bobby Finke is 22 years old.


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