Topkapı Palace open to visit as a museum

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Topkapi Palace open to visit as a museum

October 16 is the 289th (290th day in leap years) of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 76.

Railways

  • October 16, 1830 Plans are prepared for the first railway construction in the Ottoman Empire.

Olaylar

  • 1793 – Marie-Antoinette, accused of treason in the French Revolution, is executed by guillotine.
  • 1529 – The Ottoman army, commanded by Soliman I, lifts the siege of Vienna.
  • 1730 – Grand Vizier Nevşehirli İbrahim Pasha, in accordance with the wishes of those who caused the rebellion Patrona Halil, Sultan III. He was strangled by Ahmet.
  • 1916 – Margaret Sanger founds the first birth control clinic in New York City.
  • 1924 – Topkapi Palace is opened as a museum.
  • 1940 – The Warsaw ghetto is created by Nazi SS troops.
  • [1945-ThemurderwhichenteredthestoryunderthenameofAnkara’sdeathonlyplaceinwhichhigh-levelCratofficeswereinvolved[1945-Lemeurtrequiestentrédansl’histoiresouslenomdemeurtred’Ankaraaeulieudanslequeldesbureaucratesdehautniveauontétéimpliqués
  • 1949 – The Greek Civil War ends.
  • 1951 – Pakistan’s first prime minister, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.
  • 1964 – China detonates its first atomic bomb, becoming the 4th nuclear power in the world.
  • 1978 – Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtla, II. John Paul was elected Pope.
  • 1990 – Gorbachev, President of the Soviet Union, free market economyexplained what to do.
  • 1992 – The Turkish armed forces launch a cross-border operation in the Haftanin region in northern Iraq.
  • 1995 – Garry Kasparov defeats rival Viswanathan Anand in a month-long chess tournament.
  • 2002 – Iraqi President Saddam Hussein won the popular vote for his new 7-year term.
  • 2002 – US President George W. Bush signs a resolution approved by the US Congress authorizing war against Iraq.

births

  • 1430 – II. James, King of Scotland from 1437 (d. 1460)
  • 1622 – Pierre Puget, French painter, sculptor, architect and engineer (died 1694)
  • 1714 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (died 1795)
  • 1752 – Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German historian and theologian, critic of the alliance (died 1827)
  • 1758 – Noah Webster, lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English spelling reformer, political writer, publisher and prolific writer (d. 1843)
  • 1841 – Itō Hirobumi, Japanese politician and soldier who became the first Prime Minister of Japan (died 1909)
  • 1854 – Karl Kautsky, German socialist leader and World War II. One of the main theorists of the International (born in 1938)
  • 1854 – Oscar Wilde Portrait of Dorian Gray English writer of Irish descent (died 1900), best known for his novel
  • 1855 – Samet bey Mehmandarov, Azerbaijani artillery general (died 1931)
  • 1861 – JB Bury, Irish historian, medieval Roman historian and philologist (died 1927)
  • 1863 – Austen Chamberlain, British politician who served as UK Foreign Secretary from 1924 to 1929 (d. 1937)
  • 1884 – Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (died 1916)
  • 1886 – David Ben Gurion, founder and first Prime Minister of the State of Israel (died 1973)
  • 1888 – Eugene O’Neill, Nobel Prize-winning American playwright (died 1953)
  • 1890 – Michael Collins, hero of the Irish independence struggle (died 1922)
  • 1890 – Paul Strand, American photographer (died 1976)
  • 1891 – Behzat Butak, Turkish theater artist (died 1963)
  • 1898 – William O. Douglas, professor of law and judge of the Supreme Court of the United States (died 1980)
  • 1898 – Othmar Pferschy, Austrian photographer who first documented and promoted the Republic of Turkey in a versatile way with his photographs (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – León Klimovsky, Argentine screenwriter and director (died 1996)
  • 1908 – Enver Hoxha, President of Albania (died 1985)
  • 1918 – Louis Althusser, French Marxist thinker (died 1990)
  • 1925 – Angela Lansbury, English actress
  • 1927 – Günter Grass, German writer, Nobel Prize winner (died 2015)
  • 1928 – Mary Daly, American radical feminist philosopher, scholar, and theologian (died 2010)
  • 1928 – Ann Morgan Guilbert, American film and television actress (died 2016)
  • 1930 – Patricia Jones, Canadian athlete
  • 1936 – Andrey Chikatilo, Soviet serial killer (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – Barry Corbin, American actor
  • 1940 – Dave DeBusschere, American professional basketball player (d. 2003)
  • 1946 – Geoff Barnett, English professional football player (died 2021)
  • 1946 – Suzanne Somers is an American actress, singer and businesswoman.
  • 1952 – Crazy Mohan, Indian actor, comedian, screenwriter and playwright (died 2019)
  • 1952 – Coşkun Sabah, Turkish musician
  • 1953 – Giuliano Terraneo, Italian footballer
  • 1953 – Paulo Roberto Falcão, former Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1954 – Corinna Harfouch, German actress
  • 1958 – Tim Robbins, American actor, screenwriter and director
  • 1961 – Konca Kuriş, Turkish Muslim feminist writer
  • 1962 – Manute Bol, Sudanese-born American basketball player and political activist (died 2010)
  • 1962 – Flea, American-Australian bassist
  • 1962 – Dmitri Hvorostovski, Russian baritone (died 2017)
  • 1962 – Umut Oran, Turkish politician
  • 1968 – Randall Batinkoff, American actor
  • 1968 – Elsa Zylberstein, French film, television and theater actress
  • 1970 – Mehmet Scholl, German football player
  • 1971 – Chad Gray, American musician
  • 1974 – Aurela Gache, Albanian singer
  • 1975 – Kellie Martin is an American actress.
  • 1977 – John Mayer, American musician
  • 1978 – Ahmet Kutalmış Türkeş, Turkish politician
  • 1979 – İlker Ayrık, Turkish actor, presenter and director
  • 1981 – Brea Grant is an American actress.
  • 1982 – Gamze Karaman, Turkish handball player, model, actress and presenter
  • 1982 – Cristian Riveros, Paraguayan national football player
  • 1983 – Loreen, Moroccan-Swedish singer-producer (winner of Eurovision 2012)
  • 1983 – Kenny Omega, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1985 – Verena Sailer, former German sprinter
  • 1985 – Casey Stoner, 2007 and 2011 MotoGP Australian Champion, retired professional motorcyclist
  • 1986 – Bart Buysse, Belgian footballer
  • 1986 – Inna, Romanian singer
  • 1988 – Zoltan Stieber, Hungarian national footballer
  • 1992 – Kostas Fortunis, Greek national football player
  • 1997 – Charles Leclerc, Monegasque Formula 1 driver
  • 1997 – Naomi Osaka is a Japanese professional tennis player.

Armed

  • 976 – II. Arbitrator, Caliph of Cordoba between 961-976 (b. 915)
  • 1284 – Şemseddin Juveyni, lived under the reign of the Ilkhanid ruler Abaka Khan, is one of the viziers of his time.
  • 1591 – XIV. Gregory, December 5, 1590 – October 16, 1591, pope of the Catholic Church (born 1535)
  • 1660 – John Cooke, first Attorney General of the Commonwealth of England after the English Civil War (born 1608)
  • 1680 – Raimondo Montecuccoli, Italian general (born 1609)
  • 1730 – Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier (born 1660)
  • 1791 – Grigory Potyomkin, Russian general, statesman and Tsarina II. He is Katerina’s lover (born 1739)
  • 1793 – Marie-Antoinette, queen of France (executed by guillotine) (born in 1755)
  • 1909 – Jakub Bart Cisinski, German writer (born 1856)
  • 1937 – Jean de Brunhoff, French writer and illustrator (born in 1899)
  • 1939 – Mehmet Ali Bey, Minister of the Interior in the cabinet of Damat Ferit Pasha (born in 1919)
  • 1941 – Gabriele Reuter, German literary scholar (born 1859)
  • 1946 – Hans Frank, German lawyer who worked for the National Socialist Party of German Workers in the 1920s and 1930s (born 1900)
  • 1946 – Wilhelm Frick, Minister of the Interior of Nazi Germany (born 1877)
  • 1946 – Alfred Jodl, German Generaloberst
  • 1946 – Ernst Kaltenbrunner, professor, doctor, general and leader of the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany (born 1903)
  • 1946 – Wilhelm Keitel, German officer (born 1882)
  • 1946 – Alfred Rosenberg, German politician (born 1893)
  • 1946 – Fritz Sauckel, II. German war criminal in World War II (born 1894)
  • 1946 – Arthur Seyß-Inquart, Austrian National Socialist politician (born 1892)
  • 1946 – Julius Streicher, anti-Semitic ideologue and demagogue in Nazi Germany (born 1885)
  • 1946 – Joachim von Ribbentrop, Minister of Foreign Affairs and diplomat of Nazi Germany (born 1893)
  • 1951 – Liaquat Ali Khan, first Pakistani Prime Minister (assassinated) (born 1895)
  • 1956 – Jules Rimet, French President of FIFA (born in 1873)
  • 1956 – Jack Southworth, English football player (born 1866)
  • 1959 – George Catlett Marshall, American soldier and statesman (born 1880)
  • 1962 – Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher, author (born 1884)
  • 1973 – Gene Krupa, American jazz drummer (born 1909)
  • 1978 – Dan Dailey, was an American dancer and actress (born 1915)
  • 1981 – Moshe Dayan, Israeli general and politician (born 1915)
  • 1988 – Güneri Tecer, Turkish classical music artist (born 1933)
  • 1989 – Cornel Wilde, American actor (born 1915)
  • 1992 – Shirley Booth, American actress in theater, film, radio and television (born 1898)
  • 1994 – Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (born 1940)
  • 1996 – Eric Malpass, English novelist (born 1910)
  • 1997 – James A. Michener, American author (born 1907)
  • 2003 – Avni Arbaş, Turkish painter (born in 1919)
  • 2003 – Stu Hart, Canadian professional wrestler and trainer (born 1915)
  • 2006 – Füsun Sayek, ophthalmologist who was the president of the Turkish Medical Association (born 1947)
  • 2007 – Toşe Proeski, Macedonian singer (born in 1981)
  • 2007 – Deborah Kerr, Scottish-English film and theater actress (born 1921)
  • 2010 – Barbara Billingsley, American actress, voice actress (born 1915)
  • 2011 – Dan Wheldon, British racing driver (born 1978)
  • 2013 – Ed Lauter, American actor (born in 1938)
  • 2015 – Memduh Ün, Turkish football player, director, actor, screenwriter, producer (born 1920)
  • 2017 – Daphne Caruana Galizia, Maltese journalist and blogger (born 1964)
  • 2017 – Sean Hughes, British actor, comedian and writer (born 1965)
  • 2018 – Walter Huddleston, American politician (born 1926)
  • 2018 – Dimitar Petrov, Bulgarian director (born in 1924)
  • 2019 – Ed Beck, American professional basketball player (born 1936)
  • 2019 – Ángel Pérez García, Spanish professional football player and coach (born 1957)
  • 2020 – László Branikovits, Hungarian professional football player (born 1949)
  • 2020 – Johnny Bush, American country singer, songwriter and musician (born 1935)
  • 2020 – Anthony Chisholm, American actor (born 1943)
  • 2020 – Markar Esayan, Turkish writer, journalist and politician of Armenian-Circassian origin (born 1969)
  • 2020 – Itzhak Ilan, Israeli intelligence specialist of Georgian origin (born 1956)
  • 2020 – James Redford, American documentary maker, director, screenwriter and environmental activist (born 1962)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Food Day
  • World Anesthesia Day


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